Guanajuato is the first in six areas with the highest incidence of human trafficking, nationwide.
In the state of Guanajuato, there is sexual exploitation of women and girls mainly in the municipalities of Celaya, Silao, Irapuato, Valle de Santiago, and San Miguel Allende, according to an expert.
The founding President of the Center for Research and Mexican Studies on Migration and Human Trafficking, Arun Kumar Achayra, explained that Guanajuato is an area of origin, transit, and destination and said that the purposes of trafficking are labor exploitation that is most focused in this entity.
In the state of Guanajuato, there is sexual exploitation of women and girls, mainly in the municipalities of Celaya, Silao, Irapuato, Valle de Santiago and San Miguel Allende, as reported by the researcher and head of the Faculty of Anthropology from the University of Sambalpur, India, Arun Kumar Acharya.
In a keynote lecture on “ Human Trafficking in Mexico: Guanajuato Case ”, invited by the World Humani University at the XIII World Symposium on Criminology, Criminalistics and Law, he spoke about a large number of complaints of sexual abuse against women.
According to their investigations, Guanajuato is part of the six states with the highest risk for its inhabitants to be victims of human trafficking networks.
In 2012, there were 500 complaints of sexual abuse, 68 complaints of corruption of minors, and 38 more cases of complaints that could be related to human trafficking ”, he said.
The also professor-researcher at the Institute of Social Research of the Autonomous University of Nuevo León, stressed that there are municipalities with a greater problem.
In Silao there are dads who offer their girls
“In Silao, there are reports that minors between the ages of 12 and 15 are manipulated by their parents or guardians, who offer them to carriers in the automotive industry heading to the border,” said the expert during the conference.
He added that in Irapuato trafficking is supported by businessmen and people with great purchasing power, who choose their victims from a catalog, and that 40% of the women exploited there are of foreign origin.
Regarding Celaya, he mentioned that approximately 25 million pesos are generated from human trafficking
In San Miguel de Allende they offer girls to foreigners
In San Miguel de Allende, a criminal gang from the state of Michoacán offers minors to foreigners residing in the municipal seat “, added the speaker.
In Valle de Santiago, human trafficking is centered on labor exploitation, and the victims are regularly Asian women.
He acknowledged that the entity has been making progress in the fight against human trafficking.
“Guanajuato has made progress to avoid human trafficking; if it has very complete legislative instruments, contemplated in the Penal Code ”.
Exploitation of people also includes removal of organs
Arun Kumar stressed that the end of human trafficking is the exploitation of people and the removal of organs.
“Trafficking in women or white slavery is a nineteenth-century phenomenon referred to a form of slavery that involves sexual abuse and prostitution”
The idea of sex service makes the exploitation process invisible and does not distinguish between sex work and prostitution, he added.
“ Sex Work is voluntary and conscious; the (forced) prostitution is against the will and force the person to carry it out “.
Prostitution (Forced) includes Sexual Exploitation and Trafficking in Persons for the Purpose of Sexual Exploitation; Sex Work is a work activity that can be formal and/or informal (RedTraSex, 2013)
It is documented that in 2016 the Global Slavery Index estimated that around 376,800 people (0.30%) in Mexico live in modern slavery, ranking 36th in the world ( Walk Free Foundation, 2016).
In Mexico there are six central poles for sexual exploitation, these are: Cancun, Acapulco, Mexico City, Ciudad Juárez, Tijuana and Monterrey, which receive around 10,000 women and girls a year.
According to an estimate of every 10 women in Mexico, 3 are treated outside the border and 7 are treated within the country.
“Chiapas has the first place, for the place of origin is Oaxaca, there is Guerrero, even Guanajuato, the State of Mexico, Michoacán, Veracruz and San Luis Potosí, these are the states from which most of the victims of trafficking come. In the case of the destination, they are Cancun, the second place is Acapulco, Mexico City, Tijuana, Ciudad Juárez, Monterrey and Puerto Vallarta, it is where the phenomenon of human trafficking is taking place ”, he explained.
The National System of Researchers of CONACYT who offered the conference “Human Trafficking in Mexico: an analysis of the states”, highlighted that despite the fact that Guanajuato has a law to prevent and address the problem of trafficking of people is not put into practice, which has led to this phenomenon being uncontrolled.